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Classifications | Upper GI tract

Kodsi classification of Candida esophagitis

Candidiasis is the most frequent form of infectious esophagitis. The characteristic white plaques, which are difficult to rinse off, are found in approximately 4% of

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Classifications | Upper GI tract

Hiatus hernias and the Hill classification

To allow more precise assessment of the competence of the esophagogastric sphincter mechanism, Hill et al. presented a practical classification in 1996.

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Classifications | Upper GI tract

The CAES classification of anastomotic insufficiency in the esophagus

The Surgical Working Group on Endoscopy and Ultrasound (Chirurgische Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Endoskopie und Sonographie, CAES) has developed and validated a classification of anastomotic insufficiency in

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Classifications | Upper GI tract

Forrest Classification

The Forrest Classification was first described in 1974 by J.A. Forrest et al. in The Lancet. This classification is a widely used classification of ulcer-related

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Classifications | Upper GI tract

BING Classification Early Barrett Neoplasia

Multimodal therapy for early Barrett’s neoplasias, has become established as the standard therapy and is set out in national and international guidelines. These dysplastic lesions

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Classifications | Upper GI tract

Achalasia: Chicago Classification

Achalasia is one of the differential diagnoses in patients with symptoms of dysphagia. High-resolution (HR) manometry is now regarded as the diagnostic gold standard for

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Classifications | Upper GI tract

Paris Classification: Early Barrett Cancers

In the following, examples for superficial/early Barrett lesions of the esophagus are shown. Here, flat and sessilelesions are predominant, pedunculated tumors are rare. Sessile tumor

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Classifications | Upper GI tract

Esophagastric Junction Cancers (AEG)

Tumors of the esophagogastric junction should be classified not only according to the TNM system with regards to tumor penetration (T stage), presence of lymph

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Classifications | Lower GI tract | Upper GI tract

Paris Classification Early Cancer

Endoscopic treatment for early carcinoma in the gastrointestinal tract has in the meantime become evidence-based and has been incorporated into national and international guidelines

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Classifications | Upper GI tract

Paris Classification: Early Squamous Cell Cancers Esophagus

Examples of superficial/early squamous cell lesions in the esophagus are presented below. In the esophagus, flat lesions are predominant in the early tumors, and polypoid

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Classifications | Upper GI tract

Paris Classification: Early Gastric Cancer

Examples of superficial/early gastric tumors are shown below. In the stomach, flat lesions are predominant, often as combined lesions with a central depression (IIa+c). Sessile

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Classifications | Upper GI tract

Prague Classification Barrett Esophagus

The Prague classification was presented by an international research group in 2006 (1) and has since been regarded as the standard for measuring the length

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Classifications | Upper GI tract

Reflux Esophagitis: Los Angeles Classification

Gastroesophageal reflux disease with endoscopically identifiable lesions (erosions, stricture, Barrett’s esophagus) is defined as erosive gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Fewer than 50% of patients with

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Classifications | Upper GI tract

Esophageal Varices

Various systems are available for classifying esophageal varices. Unfortunately, they only overlap or coincide partly. The official terminology used by the German Society for Digestive

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Classifications | Upper GI tract

Eosinophilic Esophagitis

A classification for eosinophilic esophagitis has not yet been included in the usual terminologies in the German-speaking countries. In the official terminology of the German

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Classifications | Upper GI tract

Fundic Varices

In contrast to esophageal varices, there is only one classification system for fundic varices, developed by Sarin et al.

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