Time Is of the Essence for Moderate to Severe Ascending Cholangitis
Bret T. Petersen, MD, FASGE, reviewing Iqbal U, et al. Gastrointest Endosc 2019 Oct 16.
While most patients with acute cholangitis respond to initial antibiotics and hydration, definitive biliary drainage or clearance of obstruction is required to resolve the infection in about one-quarter of patients. Studies have varied as to the urgency of intervention by ERCP.
The authors of this meta-analysis utilized rigorous criteria to evaluate the published literature addressing patient outcomes relative to the timing of ERCP. Data from 9 studies of >7500 patients demonstrated significantly reduced in-hospital mortality (odds ratio [OR], 0.52; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.28-0.98), 30-day mortality (OR, 0.39; 95% CI, 0.14-1.08), organ failure (OR, 0.69; 95% CI, 0.33-1.46), and length of stay (difference, 5.56 days; 95% CI, 1.59 – 9.53) when ERCP was performed within 48 hours of patient presentation with severe and mild-to-moderate cholangitis.
These findings were further supported by a sensitivity analysis in two population registry studies totaling 81,893 patients.
Note to readers: At the time we reviewed this paper, its publisher noted that it was not in final form and that subsequent changes might be made.
Bret T. Petersen, MD, FASGE
Iqbal U, Khara HS, Hu Y, et al. Emergent versus urgent ERCP in acute cholangitis: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Gastrointest Endosc 2019 Oct 16. (Epub ahead of print) (https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gie.2019.09.040)