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Classifications | Literature | Pancreatobiliary System and Liver

Endosonographic Criteria Chronic Pancreatitis

This article provides an overview of the scoring systems commonly used for diagnosing chronic pancreatitis by means of endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS), and for classifying the

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Intestinal Kaposi sarcoma

A 38-year-old man in a clearly impaired general state of health presented for clarification of Hb-relevant gastrointestinal bleeding with melena and transfusion-refractory thrombopenia.

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Barrett’s carcinoma at the Z-line

Konsiliarische Vorstellung eines 47-Jährigen, multimorbiden Patienten bei dem in einem externen Krankenhaus zuvor mittels EMR ein Barrettfrühkarzinom abgetragen wurde. Trotz der basalen R1 Situation und

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Invasive amebiasis in the colon

Invasive amebiasis in the colon, with ulcerations in the right colon.

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Galleries | Upper GI tract

Stomach: Light Blue Crest Sign for Intestinal Metaplasia

Gastric Intestinal Metaplasia is a risk factor of intestinal-type gastric cancer, but WLI was not adequate to detect IM of stomach. NBI system with and

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Classifications | Pancreatobiliary System and Liver

Tokyo Classification Cholangitis (Guidelines)

Acute cholangitis results from disturbed biliary drainage and bacterial infection. The mortality rates due to acute cholangitis reported in the literature over the last 20

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Classifications

Forrest Classification

The Forrest Classification was first described in 1974 by J.A. Forrest et al. in The Lancet. This classification is a widely used classification of ulcer-related

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Classifications | Pancreatobiliary System and Liver

IMPN: Fukuoka Classification (Guidelines)

Increasing numbers of cystic tumors in the pancreas are being diagnosed. It is often difficult to precisely assign these highly varied tumors to a specific

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Classifications | Upper GI tract

BING Classification Early Barrett Neoplasia

Multimodal therapy for early Barrett’s neoplasias, has become established as the standard therapy and is set out in national and international guidelines. These dysplastic lesions

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Classifications | Upper GI tract

Achalasia: Chicago Classification

Achalasia is one of the differential diagnoses in patients with symptoms of dysphagia. High-resolution (HR) manometry is now regarded as the diagnostic gold standard for

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Classifications | Lower GI tract

WASP classification – optical diagnosis of polyps <10mm

Recently sessile serrated lesions (SSLs) have been recognized as another important precursor lesion to CRC. SSLs are thought be responsible for 15–30% of colorectal cancer.

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Classifications | Lower GI tract

Chronic Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Endoscopic Scores

Chronic inflammatorey bowel disease (IBD) with ist two forms Crohns Disease (CD) and Ulcerative Colitis (UC) can be classified by various endoscopic scores with regards

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Classifications | Lower GI tract

Polyp Classification: BASIC

Basic (BLI Adenoma Serrated International Classification) Classification for colorectal polyp characterization with blue light imaging

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Classifications | Upper GI tract

Paris Classification: Early Barrett Cancers

In the following, examples for superficial/early Barrett lesions of the esophagus are shown. Here, flat and sessilelesions are predominant, pedunculated tumors are rare. Sessile tumor

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Classifications | Upper GI tract

Esophagastric Junction Cancers (AEG)

Tumors of the esophagogastric junction should be classified not only according to the TNM system with regards to tumor penetration (T stage), presence of lymph

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Classifications | Lower GI tract

Paris Classification: Early Colorectal Cancers

The Paris classification for superficial / early tumors should be part of a standard terminology for endoscopic assessment. This classification applies to the entire gastrointestinal

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Classifications | Lower GI tract | Upper GI tract

Paris Classification Early Cancer

Endoscopic treatment for early carcinoma in the gastrointestinal tract has in the meantime become evidence-based and has been incorporated into national and international guidelines

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Classifications | Upper GI tract

Paris Classification: Early Squamous Cell Cancers Esophagus

Examples of superficial/early squamous cell lesions in the esophagus are presented below. In the esophagus, flat lesions are predominant in the early tumors, and polypoid

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Classifications | Upper GI tract

Paris Classification: Early Gastric Cancer

Examples of superficial/early gastric tumors are shown below. In the stomach, flat lesions are predominant, often as combined lesions with a central depression (IIa+c). Sessile

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Galleries | Upper GI tract

Endoscopic diagnosis of celiac disease

Celiac disease is a chronic inflammation trigged by the ingestion of gluten and resulting in a dense infiltration of lymphocytes in the proximal small intestine.

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Galleries | Upper GI tract

Neuroendocrine Gastric Tumors

Among the gastric submucosal tumors, neuroendocrine tumors are a special entity, which also require examination of independent gastric mucosal biopsies for classification.

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Galleries | Upper GI tract

When the Z-line is not completely normal

Depending on the patient’s degree of sedation and the examiner’s level of experience, carrying out a precise examination of the Z-line may not be very

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Classifications | Upper GI tract

Prague Classification Barrett Esophagus

The Prague classification was presented by an international research group in 2006 (1) and has since been regarded as the standard for measuring the length

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Classifications | Upper GI tract

Reflux Esophagitis: Los Angeles Classification

Gastroesophageal reflux disease with endoscopically identifiable lesions (erosions, stricture, Barrett’s esophagus) is defined as erosive gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Fewer than 50% of patients with

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Classifications | Lower GI tract

Polyp Classification: NICE

The NICE (NBI International Colorectal Endoscopic) Classification is based on narrow-band images of colon polyps. The classification uses staining, vascular patterns, and surface patterns to

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Classifications | Upper GI tract

Esophageal Varices

Various systems are available for classifying esophageal varices. Unfortunately, they only overlap or coincide partly. The official terminology used by the German Society for Digestive

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Classifications | Upper GI tract

Eosinophilic Esophagitis

A classification for eosinophilic esophagitis has not yet been included in the usual terminologies in the German-speaking countries. In the official terminology of the German

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Galleries | Lower GI tract

Polyp Classification: WASP (incl. SSA)

The following gallery of images is intended to present the newly evaluated characteristics in the WASP classification, but it also illustrates the problems that still

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Galleries | Lower GI tract

Rectal NET Tumors

Unclear smaller polyps in the rectum may represent a pitfall — if they do not look like perfectly typical hyperplasia or small adenomas, then carcinoids

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Galleries | Lower GI tract

How can I identify sessile serrated adenomas?

Flat polyps are difficult to identify and may be easily overlooked, particularly in the right colon, where there is sometimes limited bowel cleansing. If a

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Classifications | Upper GI tract

Fundic Varices

In contrast to esophageal varices, there is only one classification system for fundic varices, developed by Sarin et al.

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